Alopecia

It is one of the most frequently seen esthetic problems seen among women and men. More than 100 strands lost per day means the one is experiencing a alopecia. It would be wrong to consider the problem as just an esthetic one by ignoring the medical dimension. Alopecia may be the first evidence of a health problem that cannot be anticipated.

How can you understand whether you have an alopecia problem 

  • You find many strands on your pillow, hair brush or bathtub.
  • You realize that your hair seems less in the mirror.
  • Your forehead seems more open as your hair starts from back.
If complaints like feeling pain, fever, weight loss, sickness, skin problems, diarrhea, constipation, loss of appetite are also seen together with the hair loss, this proves that there may be other medical problems.

Reasons behind the hair loss
Male-Pattern Alopecia (androgenetic alopecia)
It is the most frequently seen alopecia type. Although it is called as the male-pattern hair loss, it is also seen among women. This kind of alopecia is transferred with the genes from parents of the individuals. Strands of these people are more sensitive to the active form of testosterone, which is called as male hormone, dyhydro testosterone. Losses start from the front and side parts of the hair. Hair gets thinner and roots become miniature in size. Alopecia continues with the age becoming older. It may even continue until total hair loss.

Female-Pattern Alopecia
It is the androgenetic alopecia seen among women. The start of the hair does not change, there seems a dilution and hair loss. The top of the head may start to have the least strands. Hormone balances are generally irregular in these people. Menstrual irregularity, hairing, acne, infertility problems may also seen in these patients. Adrenal gland or over origin tumors may be seen. There is an increase in hair loss in the period of menopause.

Seasonal changes
Seasonal changes affect the hormones and cause alopecia. Most of all realize that we start to loose much hair in fall.

Medicines and radiation
Hair roots are the parts with high level of blood build up. Thus, it is easily affected from the medicines taken and hair loss is experienced.

Malnutrition
It is important to take some fundamental vitamins and minerals for growing your hair in a healthy way. Malnutrition may be experienced depending on the diets applied in the daily lives, faults in preparing meals. In these conditions, hair roots start to experience a dormant period and hair loss starts after it.
Excessive alcohol usage ruins the absorption of some foods and declines the nutrition of the hair.

Hormonal changes
Excessiveness and rareness of some hormones cause alopecia.
Some systemic diseases
Hair roots start to experience dormant period following the serious diseases and hair loss starts after it. Hair growing starts after the healing.

Physical or mental stress
Great hair loss may be experienced after having serious operations and depressions. Hairs start to grow up when the back-ground reason is overcome.

Hair dye and cosmetics
Chemical materials (hair dye, perm, color removals) to be used for the hair, inappropriate cosmetics to be used, frequent hair wash, blow drying, harsh combing cause drying and breakage of the hair in time.
Tying the hair up all the time causes hair loss depending on the strain.

Aging
Hair roots get thinner and declines in number with the age getting older. It starts to become toneless and grey in color.

TREATMENT
If you go to a doctor with the problem of alopecia, s/he will ask you some questions on your general state of health and nutrition. S/he may demand some tests on hair investigation, hairy skin biopsy and some blood tests.
Treatment of alopecia is determined according to the reason behind the hair loss. After finding out the real reason, your doctor should plan the treatment special to you. Treatment is very easy in some alopecia problems. Long-term medicine usage and application of more than one method may be required in some others. The important thing is starting the application of the treatment before loosing much hair.

Choosing the right cosmetics
Vitamin, mineral and protein supplements
Supplements support the hair growing fast in the case of a problem of malnutrition.
Leveling off the hormonal disorders
Local – systemic medical treatments
Medical treatment should start with the recommendation of specialists and followed by them for the people experiencing alopecia problem. It should not be forgotten that wrong medicine usage may cause serious health problems.

Hair transplantation
It is the transplantation of hair taken from the back and side parts of the head to the parts, where the hair is lost. With the developments in hair transplantation, it can be applied in a very natural-looking way.

Articles in our website are for information purposes. Any health problems should be diagnosed and treated by the doctor.

Articles in our website are for information purposes. Any health problems should be diagnosed and treated by the doctor.